VectorT_inc.hh 15.9 KB
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/*===========================================================================*\
 *                                                                           *
 *                               OpenMesh                                    *
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 *      Copyright (C) 2001-2010 by Computer Graphics Group, RWTH Aachen      *
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 *                           www.openmesh.org                                *
 *                                                                           *
 *---------------------------------------------------------------------------* 
 *  This file is part of OpenMesh.                                           *
 *                                                                           *
 *  OpenMesh is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify         * 
 *  it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as           *
 *  published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of           *
 *  the License, or (at your option) any later version with the              *
 *  following exceptions:                                                    *
 *                                                                           *
 *  If other files instantiate templates or use macros                       *
 *  or inline functions from this file, or you compile this file and         *
 *  link it with other files to produce an executable, this file does        *
 *  not by itself cause the resulting executable to be covered by the        *
 *  GNU Lesser General Public License. This exception does not however       *
 *  invalidate any other reasons why the executable file might be            *
 *  covered by the GNU Lesser General Public License.                        *
 *                                                                           *
 *  OpenMesh is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,              *
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of           *
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the            *
 *  GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.                      *
 *                                                                           *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU LesserGeneral Public          *
 *  License along with OpenMesh.  If not,                                    *
 *  see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.                                      *
 *                                                                           *
\*===========================================================================*/ 

/*===========================================================================*\
 *                                                                           *             
 *   $Revision$                                                         *
 *   $Date$                   *
 *                                                                           *
\*===========================================================================*/
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// Set template keywords and class names properly when
// parsing with doxygen. This only seems to work this way since
// the scope of preprocessor defines is limited to one file in doxy.
#ifdef DOXYGEN

// Only used for correct doxygen parsing
#define OPENMESH_VECTOR_HH

#define DIM               N
#define TEMPLATE_HEADER   template <typename Scalar, int N>
#define CLASSNAME         VectorT
#define DERIVED           VectorDataT<Scalar,N>
#define unroll(expr)      for (int i=0; i<N; ++i) expr(i)

#endif

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#if defined( OPENMESH_VECTOR_HH )

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

TEMPLATE_HEADER
class CLASSNAME : public DERIVED
{
private:
  typedef DERIVED                           Base;
public:

  //---------------------------------------------------------------- class info

  /// the type of the scalar used in this template
  typedef Scalar value_type;

  /// type of this vector
  typedef VectorT<Scalar,DIM>  vector_type;

  /// returns dimension of the vector (deprecated)
  static inline int dim() { return DIM; }

  /// returns dimension of the vector
  static inline size_t size() { return DIM; }

  static const size_t size_ = DIM;


  //-------------------------------------------------------------- constructors

  /// default constructor creates uninitialized values.
  inline VectorT() {}

  /// special constructor for 1D vectors
  explicit inline VectorT(const Scalar& v) {
//     assert(DIM==1);
//     values_[0] = v0;
    vectorize(v);
  }

  /// special constructor for 2D vectors
  inline VectorT(const Scalar& v0, const Scalar& v1) {
    assert(DIM==2);
    Base::values_[0] = v0; Base::values_[1] = v1;
  }

  /// special constructor for 3D vectors
  inline VectorT(const Scalar& v0, const Scalar& v1, const Scalar& v2) {
    assert(DIM==3);
    Base::values_[0]=v0; Base::values_[1]=v1; Base::values_[2]=v2;
  }

  /// special constructor for 4D vectors
  inline VectorT(const Scalar& v0, const Scalar& v1,
     const Scalar& v2, const Scalar& v3) {
    assert(DIM==4);
    Base::values_[0]=v0; Base::values_[1]=v1; Base::values_[2]=v2; Base::values_[3]=v3;
  }

  /// special constructor for 5D vectors
  inline VectorT(const Scalar& v0, const Scalar& v1, const Scalar& v2,
     const Scalar& v3, const Scalar& v4) {
    assert(DIM==5);
    Base::values_[0]=v0; Base::values_[1]=v1;Base::values_[2]=v2; Base::values_[3]=v3; Base::values_[4]=v4;
  }

  /// special constructor for 6D vectors
  inline VectorT(const Scalar& v0, const Scalar& v1, const Scalar& v2,
     const Scalar& v3, const Scalar& v4, const Scalar& v5) {
    assert(DIM==6);
    Base::values_[0]=v0; Base::values_[1]=v1; Base::values_[2]=v2;
    Base::values_[3]=v3; Base::values_[4]=v4; Base::values_[5]=v5;
  }

  /// construct from a value array (explicit)
  explicit inline VectorT(const Scalar _values[DIM]) {
    memcpy(Base::values_, _values, DIM*sizeof(Scalar));
  }


#ifdef OM_CC_MIPS
  /// assignment from a vector of the same kind
  // mipspro need this method
  inline vector_type& operator=(const vector_type& _rhs) {
    memcpy(Base::values_, _rhs.Base::values_, DIM*sizeof(Scalar));
    return *this;
  }
#endif


  /// copy & cast constructor (explicit)
  template<typename otherScalarType>
  explicit inline VectorT(const VectorT<otherScalarType,DIM>& _rhs) {
    operator=(_rhs);
  }




  //--------------------------------------------------------------------- casts

  /// cast from vector with a different scalar type
  template<typename otherScalarType>
  inline vector_type& operator=(const VectorT<otherScalarType,DIM>& _rhs) {
#define expr(i)  Base::values_[i] = (Scalar)_rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

//   /// cast to Scalar array
//   inline operator Scalar*() { return Base::values_; }

//   /// cast to const Scalar array
//   inline operator const Scalar*() const { return Base::values_; }

  /// access to Scalar array
  inline Scalar* data() { return Base::values_; }

  /// access to const Scalar array
  inline const Scalar*data() const { return Base::values_; }




   //----------------------------------------------------------- element access

//    /// get i'th element read-write
//   inline Scalar& operator[](int _i) {
//     assert(_i>=0 && _i<DIM); return Base::values_[_i];
//   }

//   /// get i'th element read-only
//   inline const Scalar& operator[](int _i) const {
//     assert(_i>=0 && _i<DIM); return Base::values_[_i];
//   }

   /// get i'th element read-write
  inline Scalar& operator[](size_t _i) {
    assert(_i<DIM); return Base::values_[_i];
  }

  /// get i'th element read-only
  inline const Scalar& operator[](size_t _i) const {
    assert(_i<DIM); return Base::values_[_i];
  }




  //---------------------------------------------------------------- comparsion

  /// component-wise comparison
  inline bool operator==(const vector_type& _rhs) const {
#define expr(i) if(Base::values_[i]!=_rhs.Base::values_[i]) return false;
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return true;
  }

  /// component-wise comparison
  inline bool operator!=(const vector_type& _rhs) const {
    return !(*this == _rhs);
  }




  //---------------------------------------------------------- scalar operators

  /// component-wise self-multiplication with scalar
  inline vector_type& operator*=(const Scalar& _s) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] *= _s;
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /** component-wise self-division by scalar
      \attention v *= (1/_s) is much faster than this  */
  inline vector_type& operator/=(const Scalar& _s) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] /= _s;
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }


  /// component-wise multiplication with scalar
  inline vector_type operator*(const Scalar& _s) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) *= _s;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] * _s
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }


  /// component-wise division by with scalar
  inline vector_type operator/(const Scalar& _s) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) /= _s;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] / _s
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }






  //---------------------------------------------------------- vector operators

  /// component-wise self-multiplication
  inline vector_type& operator*=(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] *= _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /// component-wise self-division
  inline vector_type& operator/=(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] /= _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /// vector difference from this
  inline vector_type& operator-=(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] -= _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /// vector self-addition
  inline vector_type& operator+=(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] += _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }


  /// component-wise vector multiplication
  inline vector_type operator*(const vector_type& _v) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) *= _v;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] * _v.Base::values_[i]
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }


  /// component-wise vector division
  inline vector_type operator/(const vector_type& _v) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) /= _v;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] / _v.Base::values_[i]
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }


  /// component-wise vector addition
  inline vector_type operator+(const vector_type& _v) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) += _v;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] + _v.Base::values_[i]
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }


  /// component-wise vector difference
  inline vector_type operator-(const vector_type& _v) const {
#if DIM==N
    return vector_type(*this) -= _v;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] - _v.Base::values_[i]
    return vector_type(unroll_csv(expr));
#undef expr
#endif
  }


  /// unary minus
  inline vector_type operator-(void) const {
    vector_type v;
#define expr(i) v.Base::values_[i] = -Base::values_[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return v;
  }


  /// cross product: only defined for Vec3* as specialization
  /// \see OpenMesh::cross
  inline VectorT<Scalar,3> operator%(const VectorT<Scalar,3>& _rhs) const
#if DIM==3
  {
    return
      VectorT<Scalar,3>(Base::values_[1]*_rhs.Base::values_[2]-Base::values_[2]*_rhs.Base::values_[1],
      Base::values_[2]*_rhs.Base::values_[0]-Base::values_[0]*_rhs.Base::values_[2],
      Base::values_[0]*_rhs.Base::values_[1]-Base::values_[1]*_rhs.Base::values_[0]);
  }
#else
  ;
#endif


  /// compute scalar product
  /// \see OpenMesh::dot
  inline Scalar operator|(const vector_type& _rhs) const {
  Scalar p(0);
#define expr(i) p += Base::values_[i] * _rhs.Base::values_[i];
  unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return p;
  }





  //------------------------------------------------------------ euclidean norm

  /// \name Euclidean norm calculations
  //@{
  /// compute euclidean norm
  inline Scalar norm() const { return (Scalar)sqrt(sqrnorm()); }
  inline Scalar length() const { return norm(); } // OpenSG interface

  /// compute squared euclidean norm
  inline Scalar sqrnorm() const 
  {
#if DIM==N
    Scalar s(0);
#define expr(i) s += Base::values_[i] * Base::values_[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return s;
#else
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i]*Base::values_[i]
    return (unroll_comb(expr, +));
#undef expr
#endif
  }
  //@}

  /** normalize vector, return normalized vector
  */

  inline vector_type& normalize() 
  {
    *this /= norm();
    return *this;
  }
  
  /** normalize vector, return normalized vector and avoids div by zero 
  */
  inline vector_type& normalize_cond() 
  {
    Scalar n = norm();
    if (n != (Scalar)0.0)
    {
      *this /= n;
    }
    return *this;
  }


  //------------------------------------------------------------ max, min, mean

  /// return the maximal component
  inline Scalar max() const 
  {
    Scalar m(Base::values_[0]);
    for(int i=1; i<DIM; ++i) if(Base::values_[i]>m) m=Base::values_[i];
    return m;
  }

  /// return the minimal component
  inline Scalar min() const 
  {
    Scalar m(Base::values_[0]);
    for(int i=1; i<DIM; ++i) if(Base::values_[i]<m) m=Base::values_[i];
    return m;
  }

  /// return arithmetic mean
  inline Scalar mean() const {
    Scalar m(Base::values_[0]);
    for(int i=1; i<DIM; ++i) m+=Base::values_[i];
    return m/Scalar(DIM);
  }

  /// minimize values: same as *this = min(*this, _rhs), but faster
  inline vector_type minimize(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) if (_rhs[i] < Base::values_[i]) Base::values_[i] = _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /// maximize values: same as *this = max(*this, _rhs), but faster
  inline vector_type maximize(const vector_type& _rhs) {
#define expr(i) if (_rhs[i] > Base::values_[i]) Base::values_[i] = _rhs[i];
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }

  /// component-wise min
  inline vector_type min(const vector_type& _rhs) {
    return vector_type(*this).minimize(_rhs);
  }

  /// component-wise max
  inline vector_type max(const vector_type& _rhs) {
    return vector_type(*this).maximize(_rhs);
  }




  //------------------------------------------------------------ misc functions

  /// component-wise apply function object with Scalar operator()(Scalar).
  template<typename Functor>
  inline vector_type apply(const Functor& _func) const {
    vector_type result;
#define expr(i) result[i] = _func(Base::values_[i]);
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return result;
  }

  /// store the same value in each component (e.g. to clear all entries)
  vector_type& vectorize(const Scalar& _s) {
#define expr(i) Base::values_[i] = _s;
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return *this;
  }


  /// store the same value in each component
  static vector_type vectorized(const Scalar& _s) {
    return vector_type().vectorize(_s);
  }


  /// lexicographical comparison
  bool operator<(const vector_type& _rhs) const {
#define expr(i) if (Base::values_[i] != _rhs.Base::values_[i]) \
                   return (Base::values_[i] < _rhs.Base::values_[i]);
    unroll(expr);
#undef expr
    return false;
   }
};



/// read the space-separated components of a vector from a stream
TEMPLATE_HEADER
inline std::istream&
operator>>(std::istream& is, VectorT<Scalar,DIM>& vec)
{
#define expr(i) is >> vec[i];
  unroll(expr);
#undef expr
  return is;
}


/// output a vector by printing its space-separated compontens
TEMPLATE_HEADER
inline std::ostream&
operator<<(std::ostream& os, const VectorT<Scalar,DIM>& vec)
{
#if DIM==N
  for(int i=0; i<N-1; ++i) os << vec[i] << " ";
  os << vec[N-1];
#else
#define expr(i) vec[i]
  os << unroll_comb(expr, << " " <<);
#undef expr
#endif

  return os;
}


// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#endif // included by VectorT.hh
//=============================================================================